circa 1981  



Ted Shawn's Men Dancers in "The Forty Niners", ca. 1937.
Courtesy of Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival Archives.


The HIStory of Dance   

By Ian Michael Enriquez

Following in the tradition of Ted Shawn and his Men Dancers, the Barbary Coast Cloggers is an all-male dance company based in San Francisco. In order to understand who we are, it is important to understand the men who danced before us and what they tried to accomplish. Dance can be categorized into three types: ritual, social, and performance. The essays below examine the issue of gender within the context of dances from around the world and how it relates to clogging.

Chapter 1: Throughout history, dance has been used to empower and emasculate cultures. This essay will examine the evolution of war dances and the expression of male aggression through dances from the Philippines, Angola, Brazil and the United States.

Chapter 2: Societies have struggled to grow from one generation to the next, and this journey is cataloged in the dances of the times. In this essay, we will look into the reflection of culture and its evolution in dances from Egypt, Hawaii, Somalia, Austria, and the United States. Chapter 3: Artists have been conflicted by their desire to create and express themselves while following the demands of the public. The on-going battle on the role of gender in dance is examined in this essay through dances from Japan, India, France, Russia, and the United States.

Last Updated: October 28, 2005